Social Psychology

 

Chapter 1: Introducing Social Psychology 

Chapter 2: Methodology: How Social Psychologists Do Research 

Chapter 3: Social Cognition: How We Think about the Social World 

Chapter 4: Social Perception: How We Come to Understand Other People  

Chapter 5: Self-Knowledge: How We Come to Understand Ourselves 

Chapter 6: The Need to Justify Our Actions 

Chapter 7: Attitudes and Attitude Change: Influencing Thoughts and Feelings   

Chapter 8: Conformity: Influencing Behavior 

Chapter 9: Group Processes: Influence in Social Groups 

Chapter 10: Interpersonal Attraction: From First Impressions to Close Relationships 

Chapter 11: Prosocial Behavior: Why Do People Help

Chapter 12: Aggression: Why We Hurt Other People

Chapter 13: Prejudice: Causes and Cures

Chapter 14: Making a Difference with Social Psychology: Attaining a Sustainable Future

Chapter 15: Social Psychology and Health

Chapter 16: Social Psychology and the Law

 

Chapter 1: Introducing Social Psychology

 

APA Homepage
This is a good starting point for learning about the American Psychological Association, the largest of the psychological organizations. You will especially want to check out the link to Division 8, the division of personality and social psychology.

 

APS Homepage
This is a good starting point for exploring the American Psychological Society, the second largest psychological organization. Once you are at the homepage, click on "Psychology Links" and go from there.


Today in the History of Psychology
Pick a date and see what happened in psychology on that date! The American Psychological Association Historical Database is a collection of dates and brief descriptions of over 3100 events in the history of psychology.

Social Psychology Network
This excellent resource, maintained by Scott Plous, provides a wealth of information relevant to social psychology. To get a sample of current research in social psychology, follow the link titled "Online psychology studies" and select a study of interest to you to participate in.

SPSP Home Page
This is the homepage for the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, the largest professional organization for social psychologists. You can find information about social psychology, the organization, and the annual SPSP conference.

Sociology Links
This site provides links to many related sites of interest to social psychologists. To see current topics being studied in the field of social psychology, follow the link to "Current Research in Social Psychology," an electronic journal. Look at the titles of recently published articles.

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
This site provides information about one of the leading journals in the field of social and personality psychology. See the list of selected articles to see current research topics being investigated.

APA's Guidelines for Research Ethics
This site provides links that allow you to learn more about the ethical principles that guide social psychologists and practitioners.

Social Psychology.Net
Another excellent resource for information related to social psychology. Click on Research Studies and Ethics for a discussion of a few classic studies in social psychology, including Milgram’s obedience study and Zimbardo’s Standford Prison study.

Kurt Lewin
Considered by many to be the father of social psychology, Kurt Lewin played a key role in the establishment of social psychology. This site provides a brief biography and links to other sites of interest in social psychology.

Research Tips For Using the Internet
This link takes you to a checklist of Internet research tips; well worth the trip!

More Social Psychology Research Links Than You’ll Know What To Do With!
Follow this link to a plethora of social psychology Web resources.


Evolution
Visit this PBS website to learn about various topics related to Darwin's theory of evolution.

Genetics and Ethics
This site includes Genethics literature, discussion areas, career areas in bioethics, and information on specific topics such as the Human Genome Project, biotechnology, and biodiversity.

The Dog Genome Project
Dogs have genes too. This web page has information related to this project.

The Human Genome Project
This page provides general information about the Human Genome Project, topics on medical application of the project, video images, audio files, as well as a section for students and teachers. A search engine makes it easy to find information on the site. Also included are fact sheets on topics such as cloning.
 

 

Chapter 2: Methodology: How Social Psychologists Do Research 

 

Internal and External Validity
Understanding internal and external validity.
 

Journal of Experimental Psychology
Major devoted to the study of experimental psychology and methodology.

Experimental Psychology Society
The EPS was founded in 1946. Its role is to facilitate research in experimental psychology, and scientific communication among experimental psychologists and those working in cognate fields.

Correlation Coefficient
Graphical representation of different correlation coefficient.
 

Hypothesis Testing
Definitions of different aspects of hypothesis testing.

 

Current Research in Social Psychology
Find valuable information at this electronic journal covering all aspects of social psychology.
 


Chapter 3: Social Cognition: How We Think about the Social World 

 

Society for Judgment and Decision Making
This is the homepage for this society whose members study the many different aspects of decision making.

Brunswik Society
This group takes its cue from Egon Brunswik, an influential researcher in social Judgment, social perception, and decision making. You can find notes on methodological and theoretical issues.
 

Criminal Investigation and Dateline
Who do you believe? Who is lying? An interactive and intriguing Web site.

Social Cognition and Affect
Demonstration allowing you into the mind of social psychologist. See how affect and cognition is connected to the thought of snakes.
 

Emotional IQ test
This site contains an online emotional intelligence questionnaire and links to articles that discuss emotional intelligence.

Mensa Homepage
Mensa is an international society that has one - and only one - unique qualification for membership: you must score in the top 2% of the population on a standardized IQ test. Their home page contains information about the organization, mind games and links to member pages.

Intelligent Intelligence Testing
This article provides a critical discussion of the use of standardized intelligence testing.
 

Interactive Map of the History of Intelligence Testing
This interactive map traces the history of intelligence theory and intelligence testing.

Intelligence
This site examines the two camps on the theory of intelligence: those who adhere to the construct of general intelligence and those who believe in different intelligences. You can link to leading theorists and learn more about each theory of intelligence.

Triarchic Theory of Intelligence
This site explains Sternberg's triarchic theory of intelligence.
 


Chapter 4: Social Perception: How We Come to Understand Other People  

 

Facial Expression Research
This site provides links to social psychology laboratories that specialize in studying facial expressions. Click on Ekman, one of the leading researchers in this area, and visit his website.

Nonverbal Communications Research Page
You can use this site to connect with colleagues in the field of nonverbal communications or to search for relevant journals.
 

Exploring Nonverbal Communication
This site also examines nonverbal communication. By accessing this site, you will be able to test your ability to "read" nonverbal communications.
 

Social Psychology Network
This site provides articles relating to current social psychology issues in the news.
 

Do You Know What You Really Think?
This is an intriguing site, offering tests with instant results, regarding attitudes on gender and career, racism, sexual orientation, politics and more. Follow the links provided through this one.

Essays on Social Psychology
This site offers a vast array of social psychology essays with an emphasis on social psychology in the work place.
 

Person Perception
This site offers a range of social psychology topics including a “chapter” on person perception.
 

National & International Social Psychology Topics
Scroll down the page and feast your eyes on dozens and dozens of social psychology links to universities and colleges around the world.
 

Modeling Personality and Emotions
An interesting paper is provided that reports efforts to generate computer models of people for use in Hollywood films and game
 

On-line Study of Inferring Behavior from Traits
Visit this site to participate in a study of the trait-behavior link. You will be able to see how people create expectations about others in certain situations and how people act on the basis of these expectations
 

Journal of Nonverbal Behavior
Click here to see current and past contents of a journal dedicated to the study of nonverbal behavior.
 

Social Cognition and Emotion Lab, Harvard University
Daniel Gilbert's laboratory website provides information about cognitive busyness, person perception, and research on affective forecasting (people's ability to anticipate how their emotions will affect their behavior). If you go to this website, you will be able to participate in experiments being conducted at Harvard.
 

Geneva Emotion Research Group
This Swiss site gives information about social psychologists interested in all facets of emotion, and provides links to other relevant sites including research projects. Follow the links and see the types of studies researchers are working on.
 

Emotions and Organizational Life
The purpose of this site is to facilitate discussion of issues pertaining to emotion in organizational settings. Here you will also find a list of researchers and current news in the field.
 

Sensation and Perception Tutorial
This web site provides a collection of tutorials and demonstrations related to our senses, including vision and art, a pictorial introduction of Fourier analysis/synthesis, Benham 'd5s top and Fechner 'd5s colors, signal detection theory, receptive fields, aftereffects, Gestalt laws of organization, and motion and depth.

Quiz Game for Perception
Test your knowledge of perception with this quiz game.
 

Psychology Exploratorium: Sensation and Perception
This is an absolute must web site to visit! Research online labs are fascinating. Visual sensations, smell and taste sensations, auditory perceptions, music and the brain, the sensation of pain, extrasensory perception, parapsychology, illusions, and many more topics are available at this informative web site.


Sensation and Perception Research
Much of the research at Monell Chemical Senses Center focuses on the role the chemical sense plays in our sensory world. Although tastes, odors and chemical irritants are rich sources of stimulation throughout our lives, understanding of these complex systems is still unfolding. Monell's sensory research program focuses on learning more about how we detect and perceive these stimuli and how those processes impact us across the lifespan.

The First Steps of Human Vision
This excellent website includes detailed anatomy drawings and photographs.

Color Vision
Visit this interactive site to experience negative afterimages.
 

 

Chapter 5: Self-Knowledge: How We Come to Understand Ourselves 

 

Journal of Self and Identity
This relatively new journal is devoted to publishing scientific research on the topic of self and identity. Search the site for specific topics researchers are currently investigating.
 

National Association for Self-Esteem
This site belongs to an organization dedicated to providing information about self-esteem issues. There is even a quick self-esteem inventory that allows you to rate where you fall on the self-esteem scale.
 

Self-Presentation
This site emphasizes dramaturgical concepts developed by Erving Goffman, an early researcher in the area of self-presentation. Strategies of impression management are provided as are links to sites of relevance to self-presentation.

Self-Enhancement
Here you can find quotes, affirmations, and other words of inspiration that might enable you to improve your self-esteem.

Self-Esteem
This website is designed to provide information for personal growth and self-improvement. You can find links to things from dieting and nutrition to mental health.

Two-Factory Theory of Emotiond
When trying to understand what kind of person we are, we first watch what we do and feel and then deduce our nature from this.


The Role of Self-Handicapping
Self-handicapping often functions to protect one's self-esteem. Individuals not benefiting from this function often make attributions that resemble a depressive attributional style.
 

Overjustification Effect
Overjustification Effect occurs where we attribute our behavior more to a conspicuous extrinsic motivator than to intrinsic reasons.
 

Positive Illusions
This site discusses the benefits of positive illusions. It also includes a self-test that allows you to assess the degree to which you endorse positive illusions about the self.
 

Tips for Boosting Your Self-Esteem
This site provides some down-to-earth tips for boosting your self-esteem and links to other related information.
 

Self-Esteem in a Culture Where Winning is Everything
This is the Mental Health Matters Web site. After reading the article on self-esteem in a culture where winning is everything, you might enjoy venturing into other areas of interest.
 

Self-Esteem Games
Who says psychology isn’t fun? Enjoy a tour through these for-fun-only self-esteem games.
 

Cultural Differences in Self Description
This is a PowerPoint presentation covering some of the cultural aspects of self from an individualist societal viewpoint and from a collectivist viewpoint; a nice introduction to this increasingly important topic.
 

Self-Efficacy Defined
This link offers a truly interesting article about the Theory of Self-Efficacy.
 

Self-Help: Myth?
Psychology Today is a popular US magazine. This link to their official site contains an article about the “myths of self-help”.
 

 

Chapter 6: The Need to Justify Our Actions 

 

Cognitive Dissonance and Smoking Attitudes
This site presents a discussion of cognitive dissonance and smoking, focusing on smokers tendency to ignore a cigarette recall attempt by Phillip Morris.
 

New Research in Cognitive Dissonance
This page from the website of the American Psychological Association provides a sample chapter from a recent book that reviews research on cognitive dissonance. A good resource for finding more references on dissonance research.
 

Cognitive Dissonance
This site explores the effects of temptation and restraints on attitude change. Specifically, it presents an experiment that was conducted on cognitive dissonance. You will find it interesting from a methodological standpoint as well as its coverage of cognitive dissonance theory.
 

The Rationalization Trap
When we act to reduce dissonance it can end up as a whole set of justifications and rationalizations that lead to ridiculous or even immoral actions.
 

Self-Persuasion
Volumes have been written about how to persuade others, but it is hard to find information giving insight into self-persuasion.
 

Lowballing
McDonald's caught lowballing numbers.
 

Lowballing
Lowballing application is beating the car salesman.

 

 

Chapter 7: Attitudes and Attitude Change: Influencing Thoughts and Feelings   

 

Primer of Practical Persuasion and Influence
An interesting and informative tutorial on influence from a communications perspective.
 

Propaganda Analysis Homepage
This site discusses propaganda in detail and provides many examples of propaganda campaigns from the recent past.
 

The Ad Council
The Website of the public service messages that stand up to problems facing the environment, community and children.
 

50 Years of Coca-Cola Ads
Review some of the ads presented by Coke in the past half century and think about how they were trying to change your attitudes about their product.
 

Social Psychology in Cyberspace
This site examines social psychological factors underlying the World Wide Web. Among the principles covered are entailed collaboration and knowledge sharing, direct experience with information in various formats, and manipulation of information into new forms.
 

Advertising Age Magazine
Advertising Age magazine is the leading publication for the advertising industry. You will find many interesting links from this homepage.
 

Advertising on the Web
Student developed web pages to explore Interactive Advertising.
 

About-Face
This site contains a rogue's gallery of negative or distorted advertising images of women in the media.
 

Lessons from the Judas Priest Trial
Can a subliminal message induce someone to commit suicide? This was the central question at the Judas Priest trial.
 

Cognitive Dissonance
This site explores the effects of temptation and restraints on attitude change. Specifically, it presents an experiment that was conducted on cognitive dissonance. You will find it interesting from a methodological standpoint as well as its coverage of cognitive dissonance theory.

More Propaganda
Here you will find posters from World War II propaganda campaigns. You will want to pay particular attention to the attitude change techniques used.
 

Advertising Age Magazine
Advertising Age magazine is the leading publication for the advertising industry. You will find many interesting links from this homepage.
 

Advertising on the Web
This webpage examines how advertising works on the web. A modified elaboration likelihood model is presented to help understand how people process advertising on the internet.

Propaganda? Brainwashing?
Follow this Web site through a maze of social influence mysteries.
 

Poverty and the Fundamental Attribution Error
Leave it to the British to write an interesting investigation into poverty using the fundamental attribution error!
 

Fighting (Arguing) Fair
Are you a fair fighter? You can learn how to be one through the various links on the Web site. Have fun!

How’s Your Attitude?
This Harvard University site will take you on a journey into your subconscious, implicit attitudes --- click on demonstration and choose from a variety of topics ranging from politics to gender issues to homosexuality/heterosexuality.
 


Chapter 8: Conformity: Influencing Behavior 

 

The Asch Conformity Effect
This provides a brief discussion and summary of follow-up research on the Asch conformity studies.
 

The Holocaust
This site chronicles the holocaust, and provides some provocative real world examples of the hazards of obedience.
 

Guiding Your Child Through Peer Pressure
How should we help our children avoid the perils of conformity? This website has a number of suggestions.
 

Influence at Work
This site examines the application of social influence techniques to the work setting.
 

Cults
This site provides information about anti-cult organizations and ways to resist social influence. It focuses specifically on AFF, the leading organization concerned with cults.
 

Anti-Telemarketer's Source
A clearinghouse of information about how to resist persuasion and influence by telemarketers.
 

Machiavelli's The Prince
The text of this influential book on social power and how to use it.
 

Milgram
Features Stanley Milgram, a U.S. social psychologist. Research conducted in July 1961, to expose the external social forces that have powerful effects on human behavior; educational background; influence of the work of social psychologist, Solomon Asch, on the work of Milgram.

Milgram
Controversy surrounded Stanley Milgram for much of his professional life as a result of a series of experiments on obedience to authority which he conducted at Yale University in 1961-1962.
 

Robbers Cave
Intergroup Conflict and Cooperation: The Robbers Cave Experiment.
 

Influence
This site focuses on social influence and is divided into four main areas: sources, conformity, compliance, and obedience. Click on any of these four areas and you will have a great review of the area.
 

Minority Influence
This site discusses Moscovici and research on minority influence. It also provides links to related articles on the topic.
 

Asch Conformity Experiment
Take a tour through Asch’s famous conformity experiment and link to other conformity experiments on this site.
 

How Shocking Dr. Milgram!
Travel through link after link on the shocking experiments of Milgram.
 

Yes, Mr. Correctional Officer
Here it is in all its controversial detail. What do you think? Was Zimbardo’s Prison Experiment ethical. Watch these video spots and decide for yourself.
 

Bystander Effect & Kitty Genovese
Do you think people would help today? Kitty Genovese’ murder in NY happened 40 years ago and we are still talking about it.
 

Ethics & Psychological Research
Zimbardo’s, Asch’s, and Milgram’s studies could not be done today because they are not ethical. You can download the APA Code of Ethics from this site.
 

 

Chapter 9: Group Processes: Influence in Social Groups 

 

Social Facilitation
An overview of social facilitation and an online illustrative experiment.
 

Groupthink in Law Enforcement
An interesting application of the principles of Groupthink to law enforcement settings.
 

Prisoner's Dilemma
You can play the prisoner's dilemma game at this website; gain insight into the workings of cooperation and competition.
 

Center for the Learning of Group Processes
This sociology site may provide insight into different approaches to studying group behavior. Click on Current Research in Social Psychology, an electronic journal covering all aspects of social psychology.
 

Sociology Links: Group Conflict
This site provides many links to organizations and institutes involved with conflict and conflict resolution.
 

Group Dynamics: The Journal
This site is devoted to the journal Group Dynamics, founded just a few years ago. Check out the table of contents for recent issues of the journal. You may purchase these articles.
 

Real-Life Social Dilemmas
A list and brief descriptions of social dilemmas found in everyday life.
 

Sociology Links: Group Conflict
This site provides many links to organizations and institutes through the University of Amsterdam. Statistics on many countries, including developing countries, available through a variety of links.
 

Social Impact Theory: Changing Minds
This site offers concise examples of the Social Impact Theory in action. It also has a link to normative social influence.
 

Leadership and Management Are Not the Same
This site offers easily understood descriptions of the differences between leadership and management. It has links to “what is leadership?” and “three kinds of leaders” and much more.
 

Groupthink
Leave it to the British to compile a concise description and examples of groupthink in action.
 

 

Chapter 10: Interpersonal Attraction: From First Impressions to Close Relationships 

 

Evolutionary Psychology
This site provides a comprehensive overview of the principles of evolutionary psychology, as it applies to relationships, and many other areas within psychology.
 

An Inappropriate Application of the Mere Exposure Effect?
Consider the suggestion provided at this website about using the mere exposure effect to your advantage. Do you think it would work? Why or why not?
 

Evolutionary Psychology
This site provides information compiled by Leda Cosmides and John Tooby about the principles of evolutionary psychology, including coverage of how these principles apply to relationships.
 

Shyness Resources
This site provides information about being interpersonally shy. It also provides several shyness surveys that you can complete.
 

Divorce Central
A mega-site of information about the end of close relationships.

Single and Lonely
An online guide for "curing" loneliness.
 

Beauty and the Self-Fulfilling Prophecy
This site discusses whether beauty really is only skin deep. It also examines the self-fulfilling nature of people’s perceptions of beauty.


Loneliness and the Internet
Describes a study sponsored by the Stanford Institute for the Quantitative Study of Society. Follow the links to learn more about the relationship between increased internet use and loneliness.
 

Interpersonal Complementarity
This page is maintained by Scott Acton, a personality psychologist. The site examines the principle of complementarity within the interpersonal circumplex model of behavior. It has many informative links.
 

Ethological Attachment Theory
This paper critically reviews Bowlby’s and Ainsworth’s conceptualizations of attachment theory.
 

Dr. Pitman’s Advice for the Lovelorn
Humorous advice from a leading authority on nothing in particular.
 

Physical Attraction in a Diverse World
Have you ever considered the cultural differences in what is considered attractive? Take a look at this site and pique your curiosity.
 

Why are so many relationships bad?
Take a roam through a plethora of short articles on love, divorce, explanations about why a bad marriage hurts women more than men, and much more.
 

Arranged Marriages
This educational site offers pros and cons of arranged marriages. How do you think you would do in an arranged marriage?
 

Wedding Rituals Around the World
Intriguing links to marriage and wedding customs in Bulgaria, China, Japan, Java, Native American tribes, Persia and the UK.
 

Is Romantic Love a Hoax?
What do you think? Is romantic love a hoax? Do movies and TV sitcoms lead us down a path that does not exist?
 

Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction
Gain access to many topics related to close relationships at this website.
 

Society for the Scientific Study of Sexuality
SSSS studies topics related to close relationships.
 

DivorceCentral
A mega-site of information about the end of close relationships.
 

Single and Lonely
An online guide for "curing" loneliness.
 

The Psychology of Love
This site provides an interesting array of articles about love; no promises made about helping you find yours! But it is an interesting link to articles.
 

Competence in Early Adult Family Relationships
This is a direct link to an intriguing article relating to developmental psychology and family relationships. Well worth reading.
 

Online Dating
This site has direct links to resources related to online dating.
 

College Women and Dating: Looking for Mr. Right
Whether you are looking for “Mr. Right” or just curious, this is an intriguing article about current trends in dating.
 

APA Site: Homosexuality
This official APA site offers answers to common questions about homosexuality.
 

Gay Marriage and Civil Unions
This site provides an interesting article about gay marriage.
 

Date Rape and Date Rape Drugs
This site provides direct links to information and articles about date rape, dating violence, date rape drugs and more.
 

National Organization for Women
The website of NOW has a variety of information about women’s issues.
 

Society for the Psychology of Women
This is the site for Division 35 of the American Psychological Association, the Society for the Psychology of Women. Click on the link to Psychology of Women Quarterly, the journal for this division. The site also provides listservs that you can join.
 

Society for the Psychological Study of Men and Masculinity
This is the site for Division 51 of the American Psychological Association, the Society for the Psychological Study of Men and Masculinity. Click on the link for Psychology of Men and Masculinity, the journal for this division.
 

Women’s Resources on the Net
Topics related to women and gender issues. It provides links to a wide variety os topics of interest to women.
 

American Association of University Women
This is the homepage of the AAUW, an organization promoting education and equity for women and girls.
 

About-Face
Distorted images of women in the media.
 

Do You Have Gender Biases?
This Harvard University site will take you on a journey into your subconscious, implicit attitudes --- click on demonstration and choose from a variety of topics ranging from sexuality to gender issues to homosexuality/heterosexuality.

Men Can Get the Blues
This link provides an article discussing taking the stigma out of men showing their feelings.
 

Is Gender a Social Construct?
Is someone’s gender a social construct or biological or both? See what you think after you read the article on this Web site. Nature/Nurture?
 

Gender & Ethnic Differences in Cohabitation?
This US Census site offers detailed information about ethnic and gender differences in cohabitation in the United States.
 

Too Young to Have Babies: Fistulas
This link leads you through the sad stories of women, girls really, who are too young and too small to deliver their babies.
 

Female Circumcision
This link leads you to an article that discusses female circumcision and asks if it is a “rite of passage” or a violation of women’s rights. Although this particular article is primarily about Africa, this “tradition” is still carried on in many countries.
 

Bride Burning in India
This link takes you to the Oprah Web site and directly to Lisa Ling’s investigation of bride burning in India today.
 

 

Chapter 11: Prosocial Behavior: Why Do People Help

 

What Makes Kids Care?
This article from the APA site discusses how to teach gentleness and caring to children.

Internet Nonprofit Center
Search for various nonprofit organizations at this mega-site, and learn what makes a company "nonprofit."
 

National Charities
The National Charities Information Bureau provides resources on giving and helping.
 

Institute for Research on Poverty
Information about this social problem and what can be done to help. Check out the statistics on how many children are poor or the information on welfare reform.
 

Giraffe Project
Very interesting site that lists people and instances when people have "stuck their neck out" to aid others.
 

Network for Good
This site is a place where you can research different causes -- from animals to the environment. You can connect with different organizations and learn how to help.
 

Altruism
This site is maintained with the goal of forming a truly altruistic society by encouraging altruistic endeavors.
 

Mother Teresa
This website is a memorial to Mother Teresa. There are also links to other sites about her life of helping.
 

The Norm of Reciprocity
Gouldner, Alvin W. 1960. "The Norm of Reciprocity: A Preliminary Statement." American Sociological Review 25: 161-178.
 

Bystander Apathy
Latane, B., & Darley, J. Bystander "Apathy," American Scientist, 1969, 57, 244-268.
 

Internet Nonprofit Center
Search for various nonprofit organizations at this mega-site, and learn what makes a company "nonprofit."
 

National Charities
The National Charities Information Bureau provides resources on giving and helping.
 

Network for Good
This site is a place where you can research different causes – from animals to the environment. You can connect with different organizations and learn how to help.
 

Stories of Real Heroes
Link to stories about “men, women and kids, and they're from many races, religions and backgrounds—all sticking their necks out for the common good. They're truck drivers, students, retirees, artists, waitresses, doctors, homemakers, business people and teachers.”
 

Volunteers Helping Homeless
An APA article about volunteers gaining by helping the homeless.
 

Peace Corp
This is a link to the official Peace Corp Web site.
 

Students’ Partnership Worldwide
An alternative to the Peace Corp, this organization, SPW, offers volunteers the opportunity to help with health education and community resources programs in rural Africa and Asia.
 

United Planet
This site offers volunteer positions in various countries around the world.
 

Big Brothers & Big Sisters
Learn more about helping an individual child by becoming a Big Brother or Big Sister.
 

 

Chapter 12: Aggression: Why We Hurt Other People

 

A Classic Study on Modeling and Aggression
This site provides a reprint of Albert Bandura's classic "Bobo doll" study. In this study he (along with Dorothea and Sheila Ross) demonstrate that adults modeling aggression can increase aggressiveness in children.
 

Catharsis and Aggression
This article suggests that even people who are led to believe that catharsis can be beneficial will subsequently engage in more aggression after first attempting to reduce their anger through catharsis.

Journal of Aggressive Behavior
This is the homepage of the journal devoted to the study of aggressive behavior.
 

American Bar Association Commission on Domestic Violence
This site has information concerning violence in the home. They also have information about filing forms and court proceedings for the abused person.
 

Minnesota Center Against Violence and Abuse
MINCAVA is a clearinghouse of information about date rape, domestic violence, and other forms of aggression. Information about how to reduce violence and aggression is provided.

Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence
A clearinghouse for information about the study and prevention of violence. It also provides a link to the Colorado anti-bullying project.

APA Statement on Violence on Television
This site provides information from the American Psychological Association on the impact of watching violence on television.
 

Sexual Assault
This is a site with general information, stories, and other facts about sexual assault, rape, and harassment. It also provides many links to other sites devoted to these same topics.
 

United Nations
You can look up information concerning the purpose of the United Nations, its agenda, as well as actions taken in the fight against terrorism.
 

Warning Signs of Youth Violence
This official APA site contains an interesting article about the warning signs of youth violence and links to other articles.

Domestic Violence
Psychology Central’s link to articles relating to domestic violence.

Methods for Handling Our Own Anger
Important tips for controlling anger and aggression.
 

What Kind of “Fighter” Are You?
Check out this site to learn about fighting (arguing) fairly. Take a test to see what kind of fighter you are. You may be surprised.
 

Genocide: Aggression At Its Worst
This link leads you to the 1994 nightmare of genocide in Rwanda.
 

 

Chapter 13: Prejudice: Causes and Cures

 

Jigsaw Classroom
This site contains information related to Aronson's jigsaw classroom. To view the history of this method of reducing prejudice and discrimination, go to the website and click on the link "History of the Jigsaw Classroom." To see how to implement the strategy, go to the link "Overview of the Technique."


Implicit Associations Test
This website contains a collection of Implicit Associations Tests to measure unconscious bias. It also provides links to many issues related to prejudice and discrimination. Once you have accessed the site, select a test of interest to you and complete it to see if you yourself have any hidden biases
 

Terrorism Resource Center
In light of relatively recent terrorist attacks on the United States by individuals who seem to have a particular hatred for this country, this website seems particularly timely. It provides a number of links to resources and information on terrorism and counter-terrorism groups and activities. For still more information, click on the link titled "www links."
 

Feminism
Provides information about feminism and women's issues along with links to feminist organizations, research, and theory. Of particular interest to some students may be the link to a letter written by an older feminist to a younger feminist.
 

GLAAD
This is the Gay and Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation homepage. For more information about the organization itself, click on the link "About GLAAD."
 

EEOC
This is the official website for the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission; it contains facts about discrimination in hiring and employment. Of particular interest are the press releases that are provided on the site. They alert people to the most current issues related to discrimination being dealt with by the EEOC.
 

Social Justice Network
This site is dedicated to calling attention to top civil rights issues, policy development, and resources. Find a current news story described on this site and think of what issues facing people today have to say about prejudice and discrimination.
 

Asian American Resources
A vast set of resources for and about Asian Americans. Of particular interest are those links contained under "Reference/Academic Sites." Click on one of these sites to see resources available for those interested in Asian culture.
 

Asian American Resources
A vast set of resources for and about Asian Americans. Of particular interest are those links contained under "Reference/Academic Sites." Click on one of these sites to see resources available for those interested in Asian culture.
 

Are You Prejudice? Are You Sure?
Check out the Harvard Implicit Attitude “test” site and see if your conscious beliefs about prejudice match the more unconscious ones.
 

Reducing Prejudice
A treasure trove of articles related to social psychology; be sure to scroll down to view the entire list. Terrific resource.
 

African American Resources Online
This site offers a plethora of links to African American Resources on the Web.
 

Say NO to Racism
This site offers pithy definitions of such important topics as racism, stereotypes, discrimination and prejudice.
 

Concerns About Media Stereotyping
Violence, racial stereotyping and gender stereotyping in the media, video games, and more.

 

Prejudice: How Prejudice is Learned and Unlearned
This site examines integration and its effectiveness in reducing prejudice.

 

 

Chapter 14: Making a Difference with Social Psychology: Attaining a Sustainable Future  

 

Environmental Psychology
An overview of environmental psychology is provided.
 

Airport Noise and Kids
A paper is presented showing evidence that noise is detrimental to the health of children.
 

Energy Conservation Tips
This site provides a wealth of information about conserving energy.

Recycling
This site provides extensive information and many links related to all forms of recycling. A great resource for anyone interested in starting a recycling program.
 

Crowding and Schizophrenia
Associations between childhood living circumstances and schizophrenia: a population-based cohort study.
 

 

Chapter 15: Social Psychology and Health  

 

Division 38 of the APA: Health Psychology
This site will give you information about the field of health psychology and provides information about recent research in this area.
 

Health Psychology Research Online
This site allows you to participate in online studies focusing on health related issues.
 

Journal of Health Psychology
The homepage for the leading journal in the field of health psychology. You can see the current contents and general practices of the journal.
 

AIDS Prevention Information
This site provides information from the HIV/AIDS Program. You will find many links here to follow to related sites.
 

American Lung Association
More than just smoking, this site offers a range of information about lung disease and related ailments.
 

World Health Organization
The home page for the World Health Organization. This site covers current issues in health facing the world today. It gives you a good idea of health issues facing people living in other countries.

European Health Psychology Society
This site is the homepage for the European Health Psychology Society, an organization devoted to promoting theoretical and empirical research on health psychology in Europe.
 

HealthPsych
A collection of links to a wide variety of topics related to health psychology.
 

Health Psychology Network
This is a resource for information on health psychology and behavioral medicine.
 

Center for AIDS Prevention
Multi-lingual site offers important information about HIV/AIDS.
 

HIV/AIDS and Women
This site offers health information, particularly for women.
 

I Wanna Know
This link provides down-to-earth discussions regarding health issues, STDs, abstinence, sex and the brain, and much, much more.

10 Commandments for Managing Stress
This site offers valuable tips for managing stress and links to online resources.

Stress
This site features an excerpt from David Fontana's book, Managing Stress, published by the British Psychology Society and Routledge, Ldt., 1989. The article focuses on the causes of stress, effects of stress, stress management and the Holmes-Rahe Social Adjustment Scale.
 

Is Laughter the Best Medicine or Any Medicine at All?
This website is the creation of the National Honor Society in Psychology and provides an excellent article written by Dr. Diana L. Mahoney of Brigham Young University-Hawaii. Here, you will find information regarding the possible physical effects of laughter.
 

Medline Plus: Health Information
This website is a service of the National Library of Medicine/ National Institutes of Health. You can find information on a wide range of health topics, drug information, current health news, and links to other valuable resources.

 

Internet Mental Health
Internet Mental Health is an encyclopedia of mental health information. You can learn about the 54 most common mental disorders, including information about description, diagnosis, treatment, and research findings. The 72 most common psychiatric drugs are also described, including: indications, contraindications, warnings, precautions, adverse effects, overdose, and dosage.
 

Therapy Quiz
This site offers a self-quiz on psychotherapy and includes interactive feedback.

Albert Ellis Institute
This web site describes rational emotive behavior therapy. This approach to emotional growth emphasizes individuals' capacity for creating their emotions and the power to choose and implement satisfying alternatives to current patterns.


American Psychiatric Association - Psychotherapy
This site defines psychotherapy, describes types of psychotherapy, discusses how to choose a psychotherapist, and lists warning signs of mental illness.
 

Mental Health Net: Disorders and Treatments Index
Common mental health problems and disorders and links to treatment information are listed at this web site. In addition, a good number of health and medical issues related to disorders are included. The alphabetically arranged index provides comprehensive links.


National Institute of Mental Health
This site provides up-to-date information from NIMH about the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of various mental illnesses. Information sheets, reports, press releases, fact sheets, and other educational materials are provided.
 

 

Chapter 16: Social Psychology and the Law

 

Crime Prevention
This page is sponsored by the Crime Prevention Association of Michigan and provides examples of crime prevention programs.

American Academy of Forensic Psychology
This site provides links to both the American Academy of Forensic Psychology and the American Board of Forensic Psychology.

American Psychology - Law Society
This is the official website of Division 41 of the American Psychological Association. Find out more about the organization and its meetings.
 

About Forensic Psychology
This site provides links to a very diverse array of topics related to forensic psychology. Click on any one of these or all of these to learn more about the field.
 

Forensic Psychology
This web page provides a definition of forensic psychology and links to a variety of sites also devoted to the topic of forensic psychology. Some of these sites include information about jobs and graduate programs in forensic psychology.
 

Psychology, Public Policy, and the Law
This site provides access to the Journal of Psychology, Public Policy, and the Law. Check out the table of contents of previous issues of the journal to see the kinds of topics that researchers are investigating.
 

What is Forensic Psychology?
Check out this Psi Chi Honor Society Web site for an interesting and pithy article that answers this question.
 

Elizabeth Loftus
Loftus is known for her work on eyewitness testimony. This site provides text for several of her articles on the topic. In addition, she has written a book on eyewitness testimony.
 

Popular Media and Forensic Psychology
This site covers a variety of books that are psychological thrillers and that involve forensic psychology themes.
 

Do Lie Detectors Work?
Follow this link to a concise and interesting article about lie detectors.
 

International Justice
This site links you to such global injustice issues as those happening in Rwanda, Sierra Leone, the former Yugoslavia, East Timor, and more.
 

Cultural Bias in Jury Selection
Follow this link to an in-depth report on cultural and ethnic biases in jury selection.


Gender Bias in Jury Selection
Follow this link for an in-depth report on gender biases in jury selection.
 

The Prisoners' Dilemma
Visit this web-based version of the classic social psychological puzzle.


The Stanford Prison Experiment
This site is a simulation study of the psychology of imprisonment conducted by Dr. Zimbardo at Stanford University.

Stanley Milgram's Experiment
This website provides a detailed discussion of Milgram's classic experiment investigating obedience to authority.